Something about Jazz Dance～
Jazz Dance Style is most likely rooted in theatrical jazz dance, influenced by the 1940s and '50s Broadway choreography of
Jack Cole： (April 27, 1911 in New Brunswick, New Jersey – February 17, 1974 in Los Angeles, California) was an American dancer, choreographer, and theatre director known as "the Father of Theatrical Jazz Dance"
Jerome Robbins： (October 11, 1918 – July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer, director, dancer, and theater producer who worked in classical ballet, on Broadway, and in films and television. Among his numerous stage productions he worked on were On the Town, Peter Pan, High Button Shoes, The King And I, The Pajama Game, Bells Are Ringing, West Side Story, Gypsy: A Musical Fable, and Fiddler on the Roof; Robbins was a five time Tony Award winner and a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors.
Matt Mattox： (August 16, 1921 – February 18, 2013) was an American jazz and ballet dancer. He was a Broadway performer and a specialty dancer in many Hollywood musicals. His best-known film role was as one of the brothers in the 1954 film Seven Brides for Seven Brothers.
After his Broadway and film career, Mattox moved to Europe, where he became a well-respected dance teacher.
And later, by innovators like Gus Giordano： (July 10, 1923 – March 9, 2008) was an American jazz dancer and choreographer. He performed on and off Broadway and in theatre and film. He was a master teacher, a gifted choreographer, founder of Giordano Dance Chicago, creator of the Jazz Dance World Congress and the author of Anthology of American Jazz Dance, the first book on jazz dance. He taught world-renowned dancers in schools such as the American Ballet Theatre, and choreographed award-winning numbers for television, film, stage, commercials and industrials. Giordano is considered one of the founders of jazz dance, and his influence in jazz dance is still felt.
Bob Fosse： Robert Louis Fosse (June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was an American dancer, musical theatre choreographer, director, screenwriter, film directorand actor. He won eight Tony Awards for choreography, more than anyone else, as well as one for direction. He was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning for his direction of Cabaret.
Luigi： Eugene Louis "Luigi" Faccuito (March 20, 1925 – April 7, 2015) was an American jazz dancer, choreographer, teacher and innovator who is best known for creating a jazz exercise technique. The Luigi Warm Up Technique is an influential training program that promotes body alignment, balance, core strength, and "feeling from the inside."It is also used for rehabilitation. This method became the world's first standard technique for teaching jazz and musical theater dance.
Frank Hatchett： frank Hatchett is a legend of American Jazz dance and is known as “The Doctor of Jazz”. Born and raised in Massachusetts, Hatchett was surrounded by a musical family, which influenced his early life. Hatchett’s family sung gospel, his father played the piano professionally, and his sister took dance classes.
Reference book : Comments on Jazz Dance, 1996-2014／Jerome Robbins: Something To Dance About - The Definitive Biography of an American Dance Master／Matt Mattox Book of Jazz Dance／Jazz Dance: A History of the Roots and Branches／Jazz Dance Class: Beginning thru Advanced ／ Fosse Hardcover – November 5, 2013／Frank Hatchett's Jazz Dance／Luigi's Jazz Warm Up: An Introduction to Jazz Style & Technique／